THE OHIO ART CONSERVATION CENTER: James Gwinner, one of our sculpture conservators, attended the conference on Outdoor Metallic sculpture hosted by ICOMOS France in December, 2014. Meetings and conferences like these are very important platforms to meet other conservators, share findings and learn of any innovative techniques.

All conservators of McKay Lodge Conservation Laboratory attend pertinent conferences to keep apprised on technologies and are often engaged as speakers at many events.

The conference was held in Paris Thursday, 4 December, 2014 to Saturday, 6 December, 2014

Outdoor Metallic Sculpture from the XIXth to the Beginning of the XXth Century:

Identification, Conservation, Restoration

Auditorium of l’INHA, Galerie Vivienne
6, rue Vivienne – 75002 – Paris


Metallic statuary and decorations have particularly boomed between 1800 and 1945. When the upper middle class came to power, towns were reorganized, introducing public spaces in a renewed urban network, now containing open spaces, places, sculptures andgardens, then populated by allegories and symbols : fountains, great men sculptures, animal sculptures, war memorials, urban and architectural ornaments…

After England, several countries such as France and Germany opted for cast iron, zinc and embossed copper, which represented modernity, even if bronze remained a reference. At that time, foundries and ironworkers enriched their catalogues, and thanks to world fairs exported their work towards Europe but also South America or India… Those sculptures, often unrecognized, were subjected to weathering and to the vicissitudes of history. Today, after one or two centuries of life, they require attention and care.

The objective of this international conference is to review the present state of knowledge on conservation-restoration of those metallic ornaments, but also to confront views.

Main Topics:

  • Conservation and restoration
  • Preventive conservation
  • Materials : composition, decays, industrial evolution impact
  • Artists, founders, techniques
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